Biology based on technology particularly used in agriculture, medicine and in food science is known as Biotechnology. The basic manipulation to modify processes or products with technological application upon living things and on biological systems to provide useful things is called Biotechnology. It deals with the usage of organisms directly to manufacture organic items. Some of the examples of biotechnology in India are beer and milk or dairy products. By the industrial activities, sites get polluted by used recycled and treat wastes are used in Biotechnology. The appliance of accessible scientific methods and techniques expected at improving the biological systems, including microorganisms, plants and animals is involved in biotechnology. It serves in mankind by the contribution to the industries of agriculture, health care and others.
BIOTECHNOLOGY SCOPE IN INDIA
Asia has set to develop into a hot topic for biotechnology linked examine and development and India is invented to appear as a target which will observe a prominent development in the biotechnological sector. Everyone looks for studying out of India for biotechnology but there are various scopes in India only. You can find loads of biologists, engineers and other professionals engaged with biotechnology. Biotechnology in India has developed under Bioinformatics, Agricultural biotechnology, Bio fertilizers, Plant Biology, Marine Biotechnology and National Bioresource Development.
Career in Biotechnology is a good option in India as the country has witnessed remarkable growth in biotechnology sector. India has become one of the best destinations for biotechnology industry due to good network of research laboratories, rich biodiversity, well developed base industries, rich agriculture sector and trained manpower. The biotechnology professionals can get good jobs in the pharmaceutical companies, agricultural, chemical and allied industries. They can get the employment in the areas of production, planning and management of bioprocessing industries. The biotechnologists have a great scope in the research laboratories. The biotechnologists in India get employed in various government-based and private universities and research institutes as research scientists or assistants.
ORGANIZATIONS OFFERING CAREER IN BIOTECHNOLOGY
Some of major organizations in India offering good career in Biotechnology include Thapar Group, Hindustan Lever Ltd, Bivcol, India Vaccines Corporation, Indo-American Hybrid seeds, IDPL, Biocon India Ltd, National Botanical Institute, Tata Engineering Research Institute, Hindustan Antibiotics and National Chemical Laboratories etc. Education in India : Biotechnology
Looking for a Career Option in the Field of Biotechnology? This section features Biotechnology as a career option, elaborated with reference to the job profile, personality traits required, the courses and training involved, premier institutions and future prospects.
Biotechnology is an integration of several sciences, applied to living cells, with the possibility of producing from widely available renewable recourses, substances and compounds essential to life and the well being of man. So it is an interdisciplinary science encompassing not only biology, but also other subjects, including physics, chemistry, mathematics and Engineering. Mainly research-oriented, it is the field that has created Dolly, the cloned lamb, and introduced scientific methods for genetic engineering, and new modes of propagation.
Biotechnology is one of the fastest growing fields as it finds applications in areas as varied as medicine, food technology, pharmaceuticals, agriculture and environmental conservation. In fact, the use and application of biotechnology spans a wide range of activities, including developing new varieties of seeds, improving livestock’s breeds, creating pesticides of various kinds, formulating cures for genetically inherited diseases and developing industrial enzymes that hasten the production processes. There are many application of biotechnology such as developing various medicines, vaccines and diagnostics, increasing productivity, improving energy production and conservation. Biotechnology’s intervention in the area of animal husbandry has improved animal breeding. It also helps to improve the quality of seeds, insecticides and fertilizers. Environmental biotechnology helps for pollution control and waste management. The work of Biotechnologist is essentially scientific and research oriented, which aims at the application of technology to the improvement of life and developement of a variety of end uses, Biotechnologists are therefore involved in production as well as marketing and research.
Most of the information that has led to the emergence of biotechnology in the present form has been generated during the last five decades. The setting up of a separate Department of Biotechnology (DBT) (www.dbtindia.nic.in) under the Ministry of Science and Technology in 1986 gave a new impetus to the development of the field of modern biology and biotechnology in India. More than 6000 biotechnologists of higher skill are required in India as per the report from the Human Resource Development Ministry. To overcome this vast requirement the department of Biotechnology (DBT) has highlighted the need to set up a regulatory body for the maintenance of standard education under the name of ‘All- India Board of Biotechnology Education and Training’ under the AICTE
Biotechnologist should have high level of intelligence, ability to concentrate for long hours, an inquisitive mind, determination, perseverance, ability for teamwork, imagination, originality, a systematic and methodical approach, and requiring attention to minor details, objectivity, practicality, resourcefulness. Also a prospective biotechnologist should have a scientific aptitude and a keen interest in the biological sciences. He should be methodical and patient by nature, able to work neatly and accurately and have a flair for laboratory work. The ability to work independently is another important aspect. Ability to use computers in work is very important. Biotechnologist needs certain skill of problem solving, information technology skill, analysing and interpreting skills.
You want to join a course in biotechnology you must have a background in science, that is Physics or agriculture, chemistry and biology at the intermediate level can join for the B.Sc biotechnology which one can join after class 12 or equivalent examination, with physics, chemistry and mathematics. Graduates in all sciences / engineering technology / medicine are eligible for the postgraduate (M.Sc.) course in biotechnology. Depending upon the aptitude and necessity, more advanced courses such PH.D. And Post-Doctoral Research in Biotechnology can also be pursued.
PLACEMENTS AND PROSPECTS
As there is increasing popularity and explosive growth, there is plenty of opportunities available in Biotechnology field. You can be a Research Scientist, Teacher, Marketing manager, Science Writer, Bioinformists, Quality Control Officer or Production in-charge in the Food, Chemical and Pharmaceutical industry. Analyst (Venture-Capitalist) Environmental / Safety Specialist .Biotechnology companies require Corporate Executives with business / management Degrees. A graduate in Biotechnology can get job in government sectors such as Universities and Colleges, Research institutes or at Private Centres as Research scientists / assistants.
1. Lab Technician : Includes cleaning and maintaining equipment used by scientists and working on the various pieces of lab equipment as instructed.
2. Research associate : If you are interested in Research and Development, then becoming a Research Associate can provide an interesting career that allows you to carry out experiments under the instruction of established Scientists.
3. Research Scientist : If you wish to enter the field at a high level, you may choose to become a Research Scientist. This involves working alongside established scientists to design and carry out experiments, then writing reports for future publication.
4. Engineer (Chemical, Electrical, Environmental and Industrial) : This position would involve engaging in a range of projects from building robots to assisting with Research and Development.
5. Sales Representative : As a sales representative, you would work with hospitals, doctors and a wide range of medical institutions to keep them aware of biotechnology’s latest offerings, as well as trying to encourage their approval for your products over rival products in the market.
6. Marketing : In biotechnology marketing, you would manage and devise campaigns aimed at particular customer areas, through such methods as working with advertising agencies and maintaining a visible presence at medical conventions and trade shows.
7. Business Development Manager: This position involves working with colleagues to introduce products and to negotiate agreements with strategic partners.